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Computer Crime

ICT > Impact of ICT

Computer Crime

Software piracy

Software piracy is copying, downloading, using or selling software without an appropriate license.

Copyright Violation

It occurs when, e.g. music or pictures, are copied or downloaded without an appropriate license.


Hacking means gaining unauthorized access to an ICT system, and an individual who does this is referred to as a hacker. Many hackers break into ICT systems just for the challenge or as a prank. This might seem harmless, but it can cause considerable damage and is illegal in many countries.

The reasons why criminally minded hackers gain unauthorized access to ICT systems include:

  • To steal data – this may have a security classification or could be commercially sensitive.
  • To alter data or destroy data, by deletion or by installing a virus to destroy or corrupt it. This may be done in order to disrupt legitimate commercial or governmental activities.
  • To steal money by transferring it from one account to another using EFT.

Identity theft

When you are connected to the Web, spyware may be installed on your computer without your knowledge. This could send information about your computer to others who may have malicious intent.


A phishing attack is when you receive an unsolicited email inviting you to a response that involves you entering your username, password and other personal details.